Nuitka Release 0.6.13

This is to inform you about the new stable release of Nuitka. It is the extremely compatible Python compiler. Please see the page "What is Nuitka?" for an overview.

This release follows up with yet again massive improvement in many ways with lots of bug fixes and new features.

Bug Fixes

  • Windows: Icon group entries were not still not working properly in some cases, leading to no icon or too small icons being displayed. Fixed in 0.6.12.2 already.

  • Windows: Icons and version information were copied from the standalone executable to the onefile executable, but that failed due to race situations, sometimes reproducible. Instead we now apply things to both independently. Fixed in 0.6.12.2 already.

  • Standalone: Fixup scanning for DLLs with ldconfig on Linux and newer versions making unexpected outputs. Fixed in 0.6.12.2 already.

  • UI: When there is no standard input provided, prompts were crashing with EOFError when --assume-yes-for-downloads is not given, change that to defaulting to "no" instead. Fixed in 0.6.12.2 already.

  • Windows: Detect empty strings for company name, product name, product and file versions rather than crashing on them later. Them being empty rather than not there can cause a lot of issues in other places. Fixed in 0.6.12.2 already.

  • Scons: Pass on exceptions during execution in worker threads and abort compilation immediately. Fixed in 0.6.12.2 already.

  • Python3.9: Still not fully compatible with typing subclasses, the enhanced check is now closely matching the CPython code. Fixed in 0.6.12.2 already.

  • Linux: Nicer error message for missing libfuse requirement.

  • Compatibility: Lookups on dictionaries with None value giving a KeyError exception, but with no value, which is not what CPython does.

  • Python3.9: Fix, future annotations were crashing in debug mode. Fixed in 0.6.12.3 already.

  • Standalone: Corrections to the glfw were made. Fixed in 0.6.12.3 already.

  • Standalone: Added missing ìmplicit dependency for py.test. Fixed in 0.6.12.3 already.

  • Standalone: Adding missing implicit dependency for pyreadstat.

  • Windows: Added workaround for common clcache locking problems. Since we use it only inside a single Scons process, we can avoiding using Windows mutexes, and use a process level lock instead.

  • Plugins: Fix plugin for support for eventlet. Fixed in 0.6.12.3 already.

  • Standalone: Added support for latest zmq on Windows.

  • Scons: the --quiet flag was not fully honored yet, with Scons still making a few outputs.

  • Standalone: Added support for alternative DLL name for newer PyGTK3 on Windows. Fixed in 0.6.12.4 already.

  • Plugins: Fix plugin for support for gevent. Fixed in 0.6.12.4 already.

  • Standalone: Added yet another missing implicit dependency for pandas.

  • Plugins: Fix, the qt-plugins plugin could stumble over .mesh files.

  • Windows: Fix, dependency walker wasn't properly working with unicode %PATH% which could e.g. happen with a virtualenv in a home directory that requires them.

  • Python3: Fixed a few Python debug mode warnings about unclosed files that have sneaked into the codebase.

New Features

  • Added new options --windows-force-stdout-spec and --windows-force-stderr-spec to force output to files. The paths provided at compile time can resolve symbolic paths, and are intended to e.g. place these files near the executable. Check the User Manual for a table of the currently supported values. At this time, the feature is limited to Windows, where the need arose first, but it will be ported to other supported OSes eventually. These are most useful for programs run as --windows-disable-console or with --enable-plugin=windows-service.

  • Windows: Added option --windows-onefile-tempdir-spec to provide the temporary directory used with --windows-onefile-tempdir in onefile mode, you can now select your own pattern, and e.g. hardcode a base directory of your choice rather than %TEMP.

  • Added experimental support for PySide2 with workarounds for compiled methods not being accepted by its core. There are known issues with PySide2 still, but it's working fine for some people now. Upstream patches will have to be created to remove the need for workarounds and full support.

Optimization

  • Use binary operation code for their in-place variants too, giving substantial performance improvements in all cases that were not dealt with manually already, but were covered in standard binary operations. Until now only some string, some float operations were caught sped up, most often due to findings of Nuitka being terribly slower, e.g. not reusing string memory for inplace concatenation, but now all operations have code that avoids a generic code path, that is also very slow on Windows due calling to using the embedded Python via API being slow.

  • For mixed type operations, there was only one direction provided, which caused fallbacks to slower forms, e.g. with long and float values leading to inconsistent results, such that a - 1 and 1 - a being accelerated or not.

  • Added C boolean optimization for a few operations that didn't have it, as these allow to avoid doing full computation of what the object result would have to do. This is not exhausted fully yet.

  • Python3: Faster +/-/+=/-= binary and in-place operations with int values providing specialized code helpers that are much faster, esp. in cases where no new storage is allocated for in-place results and where not a lot of digits are involved.

  • Python2: The Python3 int code is the Python2 long type and benefits from the optimization of +/-/+=/-= code as well, but of course its use is relatively rare.

  • Improved __future__ imports to become hard imports, so more efficient code is generated for them.

  • Counting of instances had a runtime impact by providing a __del__ that was still needed to be executed and limits garbage collection on types with older Python versions.

  • UI: Avoid loading tqdm module before it's actually used if at all (it may get disabled by the user), speeding up the start of Nuitka.

  • Make sure to optimize internal helpers only once and immediately, avoiding extra global passes that were slowing down Python level compilation by of large programs by a lot.

  • Make sure to recognize the case where a module optimization can provide no immediate change, but only after a next run, avoiding extra global passes originating from these, that were slowing down compilation of large programs by a lot. Together with the other change, this can improve scalability by a lot.

  • Plugins: Remove implicit dependencies for pkg_resources.extern and use aliases instead. Using one of the packages, was causing all that might be used, to be considered as used, with some being relatively large. This was kind of a mistake in how we supported this so far.

  • Plugins: Revamped the eventlet plugin, include needed DNS modules as bytecode rather than as source code, scanning them with pkgutil rather than filesystem, with much cleaner code in the plugin.

Organisational

  • Removed support for pefile dependency walker choice and inline copy of the code. It was never as good giving incomplete results, and after later improvements, slower, and therefore has lost the original benefit over using Dependency Walker that is faster and more correct.

  • Added example for onefile on Windows with the version information and with the temporary directory mode.

  • Describe difference in file access with onefile on Windows, where sys.argv[0] and os.path.dirname(__file__) will be different things.

  • Added inline copy of tqdm to make sure it's available for progress bar output for 2.7 or higher. Recommend having it in the Debian package.

  • Added inline copy of colorama for use on Windows, where on some terminals it will give better results with the progress bar.

  • Stop using old PyLint for Python2, while it would be nice to catch errors, the burden of false alarms seems to high now.

  • UI: Added even more checks on options that make no sense, made sure to do this only after a possible restart in proper environment, so warnings are not duplicated.

  • For Linux onefile, keep appimage outputs in case of an error, that should help debugging it in case of issues.

  • UI: Added traces for plugin provided implicit dependencies leading to inclusions.

  • Added inline copy of zstd C code for use in decompression for the Windows onefile bootstrap, not yet used though.

  • Added checks to options that accept package names for obvious mistakes, such that --include-package-data --mingw64 will not swallow an option, as that is clearly not a package name, that would hide that option, while also not having any intended effect.

  • Added ignore list for decision to recompile extension modules with available source too. For now, Nuitka will not propose to recompile Cython modules that are very likely not used by the program anyway, and also not for lxml until it's clear if there's any benefit in that. More will be added in the future, this is mostly for cases, where Cython causes incompatibilities.

  • Added support for using abstract base classes in plugins. These are not considered for loading, and allow nicer implementation of shared code, e.g. between PyQt5 and PySide2 plugins, but allow e.g. to enforce the provision of certain overloads.

  • User Manual: Remove the instruction to install clcache, since it's an inline copy, this makes no sense anymore and that was obsolete.

  • Updated PyLint to latest versions, and our requirements in general.

Cleanups

  • Started removal of PyLint annotations used for old Python2 only. This will be a continuous action to remove these.

  • Jinja2 based static code generation for operations was cleaned up, to avoid code for static mismatches in the result C, avoiding language constructs like if (1 && 0) with sometimes larger branches, replacing it with Jinja2 branches of the {% if ... %} form.

  • Jinja2 based Python2 int code was pioniering the use of macros, but this was expanded to allow kinds of types for binary operations, allow their reuse for in-place operation, with these macros making returns via goto exits rather than return statements in a function. Landing pads for these exits can then assign target values for in-place different from what those for binary operation result return do.

  • Changed the interfacing of plugins with DLL dependency detection, cleaning up the interactions considerably with more unified code, and faster executing due to cached plugin decisons.

  • Integrate manually provided slot function for unicode and str into the standard static code generation. Previously parts were generated and parts could be generated, but also provided with manual code. The later is now all gone.

  • Use a less verbose progress bar format with less useless infos, making it less likely to overflow.

  • Cleanup how payload data is accessed in Windows onefile bootstrap, preparing the addition of decompression, doing the reading from the file in only one dedicated function.

  • When Jinja2 generated exceptions in the static code, it is now done via proper Jinja2 macros rather than Python code, and these now avoid useless Python version branches where possible, e.g. because a type like bytes is already Python version specific, with the goal to get rid of PyErr_Format usage in our generated static code. That goal is future work though.

  • Move safe strings helpers (cannot overflow) to a dedicated file, and remove the partial duplication on the Windows onefile bootstrap code.

  • The Jinja2 static code generation was enhanced to track the usage of labels used as goto targets, so that error exits, and value typed exits from operations code no longer emitted when not used, and therefore labels that are not used are not present.

  • For implicit dependencies, the parsing of the .pyi file of a module no longer emits a dependency on the module itself. Also from plugins, these are now filtered away.

Tests

  • Detect if onefile mode has required downloads and if there is user consent, otherwise skip onefile tests in the test runner.

  • Need to also allow accesses to files via short paths on Windows if these are allowed long paths.

  • The standalone tests on Windows didn't actually take run time traces and therefore were ineffective.

  • Added standalone test for glfw coverage.

  • Construct based tests for in-place operations are now using a value for the first time, and then a couple more times, allowing for real in-place usage, so we are sure we measure correctly if that's happening.

Summary

Where the big change of the last release were optimization changes to reduce the global passes, this release addresses remaining causes for extra passes, that could cause these to still happen. That makes sure, Nuitka scalability is very much enhanced in this field again.

The new features for forced outputs are at this time Windows only and make a huge difference when it comes to providing a way to debug Windows Services or programs in general without a console, i.e. a GUI program. These will need even more specifiers, e.g. to cover program directory, rather than exe filename only, but it's a very good start.

On the tooling side, not a lot has happened, with the clcache fix, it seems that locking issues on Windows are gone.

The plugin changes from previous releases had left a few of them in a state where they were not working, but this should be restored. Interaction with the plugins is being refined constantly, and this releases improved again on their interfaces. It will be a while until this becomes stable.

Adding support for PySide2 is a headline feature actually, but not as perfect as we are used to in other fields. More work will be needed, also in part with upstream changes, to get this to be fully supported.

For the performance side of things, the in-place work and the binary operations work has taken proof of concept stuff done for Python2 and applied it more universally to Python3. Until we cover all long operations, esp. * seems extremely important and is lacking, this cannot be considered complete, but it gives amazing speedups in some cases now.

Future releases will revisit the type tracing to make sure, we know more about loop variables, to apply specific code helpers more often, so we can achieve the near C speed we are looking for in the field of int performance.